ADVANTAGES OF CRYPTOCURRENCYnavneet
- Built-in Scarcity May Support Value
Most cryptocurrencies are hardwired for scarcity the source code specifies how many units can ever exist. In this way, cryptocurrencies are more like precious metals than fiat currencies. Like precious metals, they may offer inflation protection unavailable to fiat currency users.
- Loosening of Government Currency Monopolies
Cryptocurrencies offer a reliable means of exchange outside the direct control of national banks, such as the US. Federal Reserve and European Central Bank. This is particularly attractive to people who worry that quantitative easing (central banks’ “printing money” by purchasing government bonds) and other forms of loose monetary policy, such as near-zero interbank lending rates, will lead to long-term economic instability.
In the long run, many economists and political scientists expect world governments to co-Opt cryptocurrency, or at least to incorporate aspects of cryptocurrency (such as built-in scarcity and authentication protocols) into fiat currencies. This could potentially satisfy some cryptocurrency proponents’ worries about the inflationary nature of fiat currencies and the inherent insecurity of physical cash.
- Self-Interested, Self-Policing Communities
Mining is a built-in quality control and policing mechanism for cryptocurrencies. Because they’re paid for their efforts, miners have a financial stake in keeping accurate, up-to-date transaction records thereby securing the integrity of the system and the value of the currency.
- Robust Privacy Protections
Privacy and anonymity were chief concerns for early cryptocurrency proponents, and remain so today. Many cryptocurrency users employ pseudonyms unconnected to any information, accounts, or stored data that could identify them. Though it’s possible for sophisticated community members to deduce users’ identities, newer cryptocurrencies (post-Bitcoin) have additional protections that make it much more difficult.
- Harder for Governments to Exact Financial Retribution
When citizens in repressive countries run afoul of their governments, said governments can easily freeze or seize their domestic bank accounts, or reverse transactions made in local currency. That’s not possible with cryptocurrencies, whose decentralized nature funds and transaction records are stored in numerous locations around the world effectively prevents state seizure. It’s a bit of an oversimplification, but using cryptocurrency is like having access to a theoretically unlimited number of offshore bank accounts.
- Generally Cheaper than Traditional Electronic Transactions
The concepts of block keys, private keys, and wallets effectively solve the double-spending problem, ensuring that new cryptocurrencies aren’t abused by tech-savvy crooks capable of duplicating digital funds. Cryptocurrencies’ security features also eliminate the need for a third-party payment processor such as Visa or PayPal to authenticate and verify every electronic financial transaction.
In turn, this eliminates the need for mandatory transaction fees to support those payment processors’ work since miners, the cryptocurrency equivalent of payment processors, earn new currency units for their work in addition to optional transaction fees. Cryptocurrency transaction fees are generally less than 1% of the transaction value, versus 1.5% to 3% for credit card payment processors and PayPal.
- Fewer Barriers and Costs to International Transactions
Cryptocurrencies don’t treat international transactions any differently than domestic transactions. Transactions are either free or come with a nominal transaction fee, no matter where the sender and recipient are located. This is a huge advantage relative to international transactions involving fiat currency, which almost always have some special fees that don’t apply to domestic transactions such as international credit card .or ATM fees. And direct international money transfers can be very expensive, with fees sometimes exceeding 10% or 15% of the transferred amount.